Government Business Enterprises (GBEs)

A GBE is a Commonwealth entity or Commonwealth company that is prescribed by the rules (s8 of the PGPA Act). Section 5 of the PGPA Rule prescribes nine GBEs: two corporate Commonwealth entities; and seven Commonwealth companies.

This page provides further information on:

Guidance for Directors on the GBE governance framework is available at

Government’s relationship with its GBEs

The Australian Government's relationship to its GBEs is similar to the relationship between a holding company and its subsidiaries, features of which include:

  • a strong interest in the performance and financial returns of the GBE
  • reporting and accountability arrangements that facilitate active oversight by the shareholder
  • action by the shareholder in relation to the strategic direction of its GBEs where it prefers a different direction from the one proposed
  • management autonomy balanced with regular reporting of performance to shareholders and
  • boards that are accountable to shareholders for GBE performance, and shareholders that are accountable to Parliament and the public.

To enable greater public accountability, GBEs are required to prepare a Statement of Corporate Intent (SCI) (or a publically facing Corporate Plan) in consultation with Shareholder Ministers. An SCI focuses on the purpose and corporate outlook of a GBE, and expresses the expectations of its management in relation to future financial and non-financial performance.

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Governance arrangements for GBEs

GBEs are governed by the PGPA Act and its rules and guidance. The following guidelines provide additional guidance on board and corporate governance, financial governance, and planning and reporting:

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Finance’s Government Businesses

Finance's Commercial Division provides advice to the Australian Government relating to its GBEs and other commercial entities.

The primary tasks in relation to GBEs are to:

  • provide sound strategic and analytical advice to the Government, in particular by engaging with the GBEs, analysing their operations and their environment, and consulting with stakeholders
  • action the Minister's decisions including communicating objectives and
  • ensure that there is a robust and sound governance framework in place by initiating change and contributing to policy development.

The Division also provides advice on other public non-financial corporations that are not prescribed as GBEs.

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For further information on GBEs, please contact

Last updated: 08 January 2019